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Program and Project Management
a. Announcement of Opportunity (AO) — a procurement vehicle used by NASA Headquarters
Enterprise Offices to solicit and select Space and Earth Science investigations for space flight. The A0
is a competitive procurement process open to all elements of the scientific community.
b. Approval — The PAPAC subprocess used to decide on the readiness of a program/project to proceed
from Formulation to Implementation.
c. Entepprise — One of the strategic business areas through which NASA implements missions and
communicates with customers.
d. Formulation — The PAPAC subprocess used to define the products and capabilities specified in the
approved program/proj ect plan.
e. Formulation Authorization Document — The document issued by the Enterprise Associate
Administrator to authorize the formulation of a program or project.
f. Governing Program Management Council (GPMC) — The highest level Program Management
Council (PMC) that has the responsibility to regularly review a program or project.
g. Implementation — The PAPAC subprocess used to deliver the products and capabilities specified in
the approved program/project plan.
h. PAPAC — Abbreviation for Provide Aerospace Products and Capabilities, one of the four critical
crosscutting processes defined in the NASA Strategic Management Handbook.
i. Pre-Formulation — Those activities performed prior to mission selection or assignment, including
advanced concept development, generation of Enterprise roadmaps, AO development and release,
proposal preparation, and technology development.
j. Program — An activity within an Enterprise having defined goals, objectives, requirements, and
funding and consisting of one or more projects.
k. Program Management Council (PMC) — One of the hierarchy of forums, composed of senior
management, that assesses program and project planning and implementation and provides oversight
and direction as appropriate. These are established at the Agency, Enterprise, and Center levels.
1. Program Commitment Agreement (PCA) — The agreement between the NASA Administrator and
the cognizant Enterprise Associate Administrator (EAA) for implementation of a program. The content
of a PCA is described in Appendix E of NPR 7120.5.
m. Program Plan — The document that establishes the baseline for implementation of a program. It is
prepared and maintained by the program office and signed by the cognizant EAA, Center Director and
program manager. The content of a program plan is described in Appendix E of NPR 7120.5.
CHECK THE GSFC DIRECTIVES MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AT
http://gdms.gsfc.nasa.gov/gdms TO VERIFY THAT THIS IS THE CORRECT VERSION PRIOR TO USE.
DIRECTIVE N0. GPG 7120.1B Page 4 of 23
EFFECTIVE DATE: February 23, 2004
EXPIRATION DATE: February 23, 2009